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© WWF Caucasus

WWF International was founded in Switzerland in 1961. Today the organisation has over five million supporters globally and operates in nearly 100 countries. WWF-Caucasus has been operating in the Caucasus since 1990.


The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is the world’s leading conservation organisation and unites people across the globe to develop and deliver innovative solutions that protect communities, wildlife, and the places in which they live.
We are dedicated to helping local communities conserve the natural resources they depend upon, supporting the shift of markets and policies toward sustainability, and protecting and restoring species and their habitats.
In times of global challenges, WWF is finding ways to help transform the future for the world’s wildlife, forests and waters, calling for a reduction in carbon emissions to counter the grave consequences of climate change as well as campaigning for a healthy environment for people in order to enjoy long and sustainable life on our planet. To achieve this, WWF’s global network focuses on six major areas: Forests, Freshwater, Wildlife, Oceans, Food and Climate. 

The Caucasus Ecoregion

The Caucasus Ecoregion has a unique history, geography and exceptional biodiversity. It is part of the Greater Black Sea basin representing one of WWF’s 35 Priority Places.

© WWF / Aurel Heidelberg

The Caucasus is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots and one of the richest and the most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life on Earth. Covering an area of 586,800 km2, the Caucasus Ecoregion extends over Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, the north Caucasian part of the Russian Federation, Northeastern Turkey, and Northwestern Iran. 

The main biomes of the Caucasus encompass forests, high mountains, steppes, dry mountain shrublands, semi-deserts, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems. Given such diversity, it is no surprise that the Caucasus is home to 2,791 endemic plant species–a level of plant endemism that is among the highest in the temperate world. The Caucasus also hosts over 120 endemic species of vertebrates. 

In addition to its outstanding biological value, the Caucasus Ecoregion is an area of exceptional cultural diversity, where a multitude of ethnic groups, languages and religions intermix over a relatively small geographical area.  

WWF’s project-based activities in the Caucasus began in the early 1990s. In 1992, Georgia became the first Caucasus country to officially register a WWF office. In the early 2000s, offices were established in Armenia and Azerbaijan. In 2003, the Georgian office located in Tbilisi became the official regional WWF-Caucasus office, covering WWF`s work in all three countries as well as facilitating regional and transboundary cooperation at the ecoregional level.

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The inspiration for the black and white panda logo came from a giant panda named Chi-Chi who arrived at the London Zoo in the year 1961, the same year WWF was founded.
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